A Real-Time Video-based Eye Tracking Approach for Driver Attention Study

keywords: Eye-tracking, driver attention, corneal refection, random sample consensus
Knowing the driver's point of gaze has significant potential to enhance driving safety, eye movements can be used as an indicator of the attention state of a driver; but the primary obstacle of integrating eye gaze into today's large scale real world driving attention study is the availability of a reliable, low-cost eye-tracking system. In this paper, we make an attempt to investigate such a real-time system to collect driver's eye gaze in real world driving environment. A novel eye-tracking approach is proposed based on low cost head mounted eye tracker. Our approach detects corneal reflection and pupil edge points firstly, and then fits the points with ellipse. The proposed approach is available in different illumination and driving environment from simple inexpensive head mounted eye tracker, which can be widely used in large scale experiments. The experimental results illustrate our approach can reliably estimate eye position with an accuracy of average 0.34 degree of visual angle in door experiment and 2--5 degrees in real driving environments.
reference: Vol. 31, 2012, No. 4, pp. 805–825