Big Data Analytics for Energy Consumption Prediction in Smart Grid Using Genetic Algorithm and Long Short Term Memory

keywords: Big data, deep learning, energy consumption prediction, genetic algorithm, load forecasting, long short term memory, multi-threading, smart grid
Smart Grids (SG) have smart meters and advance metering infrasturutre (AMI) which generates huge data. This data can be used for predicting energy consumption using big data analytics. A very limited work has been carried out in the literature which shows the utilization of big data in energy consumption prediction. In this paper, the proposed method is based on Genetic Algorithm -- Long Short Term Memory (GA-LSTM). LSTM memorises values over an arbitrary interval that manages time series data very effictively while GA is an evolutionary process that is used for optimization. GA combines with LSTM to process hyperparameters such as hidden layers, epochs, data intervals, batchsize and activation functions. Hence, GA creates a new vector for optimum solution that provides minimum error. These methods provide the best performance when compared with existing benchmarks. Moreover, GA-LSTM is used in a multi-threaded environment which increases the speed of convergence. Here, the multi-core platform is operated for solving one-dimensional GA-based inverse scattering problems. The result shows that GA-LSTM provides better convergence as compared to random approach techniques. For validating the results, Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland Interconnection (PJM) energy consumption data has been used while adopting different performance evaluation metrics.
reference: Vol. 40, 2021, No. 1, pp. 29–56