HSIC Regularized LTSA

keywords: Dimensionality reduction, RKHS, Hilbert-Schmidt operators, LTSA, HSIC
Hilbert-Schmidt Independence Criterion (HSIC) measures statistical independence between two random variables. However, instead of measuring the statistical independence between two random variables directly, HSIC first transforms two random variables into two Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Spaces (RKHS) respectively and then measures the kernelled random variables by using Hilbert-Schmidt (HS) operators between the two RKHS. Since HSIC was first proposed around 2005, HSIC has found wide applications in machine learning. In this paper, a HSIC regularized Local Tangent Space Alignment algorithm (HSIC-LTSA) is proposed. LTSA is a well-known dimensionality reduction algorithm for local homeomorphism preservation. In HSIC-LTSA, behind the objective function of LTSA, HSIC between high-dimensional and dimension-reduced data is added as a regularization term. The proposed HSIC-LTSA has two contributions. First, HSIC-LTSA implements local homeomorphism preservation and global statistical correlation during dimensionality reduction. Secondly, HSIC-LTSA proposes a new way to apply HSIC: HSIC is used as a regularization term to be added to other machine learning algorithms. The experimental results presented in this paper show that HSIC-LTSA can achieve better performance than the original LTSA.
reference: Vol. 38, 2019, No. 4, pp. 917–936